Debt Collection Improvement Act (DCIA)

The Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA), Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321Ð 358, § 31001 (as amended) is a law mandating, among other things, that all federal disbursing officials match their payments with a database of delinquent debts maintained by the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and offset those payments to collect the debts. The DCIA also requires federal entities to submit delinquent non-tax debt owed to the U.S. government that is 120 days delinquent to Treasury for collection by offset.